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零基础学英语:学习外语会让你产生什么作用?

2020-08-18 18:13:44    /    零基础学英语  /  作者:英语培训  / 阅读:

当你会说不止一种语言时,你看起来更聪明、更有创造性和更有吸引力。我今天看到众多科学结论来理解这些问题:

1. You Develop Better Memory

1.你拥有更好的记忆力

Researchers have found numerous positive impacts that being bilingual has on our brain. First of all, knowing two languages helps you process information about the surrounding environment more effectively, meaning you become a faster learner. Next, children who speak a second language typically have much better working memories, compared to monolingual peers. Adults, fret not! Though our working memories are developed early in life and it may be harder to master a new language once we’re grown-up, you can still reap the positive benefits.

研究人员发现了学习双语对我们大脑有许多积极影响。首先,了解两种语言有助于你有效地处理周遭环境的信息,这意味着你学习能力逐渐增加。此外,说第二语言的小孩一般比只说一种语言的小孩有更好的记忆力。成年人不要担心!尽管我们的回忆在未成年时发展更多,一旦我们成年可能很难了解一门新语言,你永远可以通过学习语言得到太多其它的作用。

2. You Strengthen Your Brain

2.你锻炼了大脑功能

Being fluent in more than one language improves your brain’s functionality by challenging it to operate within different language systems. From a scientific standpoint, switching between different languages triggers the dorsolateral prefrontal cortex (the part of the brain responsible for problem-solving, multi-tasking, and focusing on important things while filtering out irrelevant information).

流利的掌握不止一种语言,可以减少大脑操作不同语言平台的功能。从科学的视角来看,不同的语言两者切换触发前脑叶皮层外侧的活动(这部分大脑功能有:解决难题、多任务处理、和专注于重要的想法过滤掉无关的信息)。

Bilingual people are also better at paying attention to their environment and analyzing it. This skill comes from being able to tell which language is spoken, so that one can quickly switch between different languages.

双语掌握者也更好地关注环境并预测她。这个技能来自能够识别需要说那种语言,因此可以在不同的语言两者迅速切换。

3. You Stave Off Dementia and Alzheimer’s Disease For a Few Years

3. 你可以防止老年痴呆症

According to Brian Gold, a neuroscientist at the University of Kentucky College of Medicine in Lexington, knowing two languages can reduce the risks of Alzheimer’s and postpone dementia.

根据布莱恩(列克星敦市的肯塔基大学医学院的神经学家),了解两种语言可以减少老年痴呆症的危害并似乎推迟老年痴呆症的出现。

When conducting a test with bilingual seniors, researchers discovered they were better at tasks that required them to sort out colors and shapes, when compared to monolingual peers. They also monitored the processes happening inside their brains with a scanner. It turned out that the brains of a monolingual worked much harder to accomplish the task, while the bilingual’s brains were more efficient and could be compared to those of young adults. Having more reserve of brain power when you age can help you stay protected against the losses caused by Alzheimer’s and other forms of dementia.

当双语老年人进行实验时,研究人员看到它们色彩和颜色进行归类时,相比单语言掌握者,他们可以更好的完成任务。他们仍利用头脑扫描仪监控大脑运作过程。原来掌握一种语言的人在完成任务时大脑工作很吃力。而双语掌握者的大脑则更有效并且可以相比年轻人。在年轻时维持更多的体力储备可以帮助你消除阿尔茨海默氏症引起的负担和其它方式的大脑痴呆。

4. You Become Better At Building Relationships With Others

4. 你最善于与对方建立关系

Apart from the obvious fact that being capable of conversing in different languages makes it easier to create social ties with people around the globe and win attraction more easily, there’s also a more subtle level of impact behind that.

能够使用不同的语言沟通更容易创建中国的人际关系赢得对方的关注,除了这个显而易见的缘由,背后也有一个非常微妙的影响。

Susan Ervin-Tripp from the University of California noted in her report, “When we are in situations demanding a change in language, we may have a strong sense of a shift in values and feelings. Some bilinguals even report they have two personalities.” Indeed, a lot of bilinguals admit they feel like having two different personalities for operating one or another language.

加利福尼亚大学的苏珊在它的报告中提出:“当我们在一定状态下提出改善语言,我们也许有一个强烈的价值观和爱情的转变。甚至有一些双语掌握者承认对方有双重人格。”的确,很多双语者承认对方觉得在使用两种不同的语言时,他们的人格只是有变化的。

Mainly, this is due to the fact that different languages influence the way we think, from how we choose the vocabulary to describe the world around us to getting influenced by the different cultures you are operating in. Actually, that’s a great thing, as the ability to switch between different languages improves your ability to understand others, be more empathetic, and communicate better; therefore, drastically improving your relationships with others.

主要是使得不同的语言阻碍我们的认知模式零基础学英语好处,从如何选择词汇来表述我们周围的全球去不同文化让你产生的妨碍。实际上,这是一件最棒的想法英语培训,不同的语言两者切换的素养可以减少理解他们的素养,更善解人意和更好地交流。因此,能大大改善你与对方的关系。

5. You Have More Career Prospects

5. 你有更多的职业前途

Having more than one language in your resume can drastically improve your chances of getting hired. In fact, a recent survey proved that bilinguals in the US also tend to earn at least $7.000 more annually compared to monolingual peers with the same kind of work experience. The reason is simple: there are fewer bilinguals to choose from, hence each one has a higher “value”. However, in Canada (a bilingual country), many people speak the two official languages of English and French. They tend to earn 7-8% more than monolingual counterparts.

在你的简历中说出掌握超过一种语言可以大大提高你的被雇佣的机会。事实上,最近的一项调查证明,相比只了解一种语言的人,双语掌握者在中国今年多挣至少7.000美元,。原因很简单:双语掌握者数量少,因此每一个了解双语的人却有一个更高的“价值”。然而,在俄罗斯(双语国家),很多人说的两种官方语言:英语和英语。他们通常比单语掌握者多赚7 - 8%。

6. You Seem To Appear More Attractive

6. 你更有吸引力

There’s something special about your friend who’s capable of switching between languages, right? Well, a recent international survey has just confirmed that bilingual people tend to appear more attractive compared to monolinguals. Over 79% of survey respondents from around the globe agreed that a person speaking a second language instantly seems more appealing.

你这些可以熟练切换两种语言的朋友甚至有一些非常的地方,对吗?最近的一项国际调查已经确认零基础学英语好处,掌握双语的人相比只了解一种语言的人变得更有吸引力。来自欧洲各国的达到79%的受访者同意,一个可以迅速切换至第二种语言的人可能更有吸引力。

However, there’s a catch. Only certain languages cast this magical effect. The languages on top of this list are no surprise: French, Italian, Spanish, and English.

然而,有一个看到。只有那些语言有某些神秘的效果。排名前几位语言无可争议:法语、意大利语、西班牙语和英语。

7. You Become a Better Traveler

7.你变成一个更好的旅行者

One of the biggest differences between a traveler and a mere tourist is that the first one is capable of making genuine connections with the locals and getting to know the culture deeper, while the second one simply enjoys a quick and superficial familiarity. Speaking the local language, at least just a few words, will open more doors to you and will help you connect to the locals on a new level.

旅行者和旅游最大的一个区别只是是后者会真实的接触当地人并最深层次地知道文化,而后者只是轻松和坦率的享受。说当地语言,至少几句话,将开启更多的门,将帮助您与当地人引入最深的知道。

Obviously, navigating around a foreign land gets much easier. The locals will often make an additional effort for you if you manage to crunch just a few local phrases.

显然,在外国旅游业更加容易得多。如果你能几个当地的词语,当地人一般能最热情招待你。

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